lunes, 13 de abril de 2009

Las Crónicas desde España

Capítulo 13: Impresentable: ¡Intentan alienarnos!.



En este blog he hablado en más de una ocasión de lo barato que estaba Chile en varias cosas con respecto de España. Hoy hablaré de la situación contraria, es decir de lo barato que están algunas cosas de la península Ibérica con respecto de Chile.

En primer lugar no puedo dejar de estar feliz (como estudiante necesitado de lecturas), al notar que los libros son mucho más accesibles acá para el humilde estudiante, ya han pasado 5 meses viviendo en Spain y entre la Nohelia y yo nos hemos comprado 5 libritos de estudio que por allá por la patria serían mucho más caros de lo que nos costaron, para muestra un ejemplo: El libro "Etología: Introducción a la ciencia del comportamiento", de Juan Carranza cuesta acá €30 ($21000) mientras que en Chile se vende por €105,76 (apróx $80000), esta diferencia impresionante e insalvable es terrible, más aun si pensamos que tiene relación con una de las actividades fundamentales en la formación de una persona, me refiero a la lectura, tal vez esto de los libros caros obedece a un plan mucho más maquiavélico de lo que se cree. !NO es posible que en un país en que el sueldo mínimo es menos de 300 euros, los libros cuesten tres veces más que en otro en que el sueldo mínimo son 600 Euros!.

En segundo lugar está la música y los dvd, esto ya hace que uno se ponga a pensar seriamente en aquello del plan maquiavélico, por ejemplo y no es que me guste pero está de moda, el cd de U2 "no live in the horizon" en Chile cuesta €15 apróx ($11990), mientas que acá está a €8,79 (como $6000). Es increíble, pero nuevamente a uno no le queda más remedio que lamentarse de lo que pasa, por que pueden haber muchas excusas, como que hay que traer los discos de afuera o que existe un impuesto, etc. Pero es que cobrar el DOBLE por un cd, dvd o película cuando el mercado tiene un menor poder adquisitivo, es simplemente vergonzoso.

En tercer lugar de esta crítica está el tema culinario, ¿no entiendo por que es más barato comer camarones de aguas del pacífico sudamericano en España que en Chile?. Este fin de semana santo mi distinguida suegra hizo empanadas de camarón con queso en su casa en Chile, algo que nosotros con la Nohelia también hicimos por acá, el resultado fue pecaminoso en términos presupuestarios, aunque las empanadas quedaron igual de ricas y espectaculares (ya les hablaré de mi receta para la masa, heredada de la tía Estela), es INCREÍBLE que a nosotros un kilo de camarones pelados de calibre grande y congelados nos costara €8 (como $5,500), mientras que a mi distinguida suegra los 200gramos o 300 (no me acuerdo bien) le salieron los mismos €8. Se que es semana santa pero los dos están pescados en "aguas del pacífico sudamericano" y se supone que nuevamente esa reversión de los costos no debería ser.

En fin, esta crónica desde España está orientada hacia algo que ya todos sabemos, eso es que seguramente mientras el sol siga saliendo donde le conviene a algunos y escondiéndose donde esos mismos quieren, el resto del mundo tendrá que seguir pagando demás por acceder a aquellos bienes que alimentan el alma, generan conocimiento y nos "des-alienan".

14 comentarios:

Carlos dijo...

o, el sol sale a diario para todos pero siempre hay alguien que quiere mas calor...

Carlos dijo...

No solo es mas caro en Chile los libros, DVD, CD y camarones y que me dices las universidades, como dices tu el sueldo mínimo acá son 300 euros y la U vale mas de 400 euros por mes, y los pasajes en avión para que la gente conozca el mundo, las entradas a las eliminatorias, entradas para Madonna a 200.000 pesos, y los museos etc... en CHile nos las ven y nos las tocan, ese es el problema...

Rubén Aranda dijo...

Viva el neoliberalismo... el mercado pone los precios, oferta demanda...la culpa no es del chancho...si quieren cambios..se necesita mayoria en el congreso.Pero en nuestro pais y latina america hay para todo..Vivan los piratas, ahora con cosas mas esquisitas, deberian haber piratas más instruido.."lleve el etololly"....

Nanuk dijo...

Lo que me divierte de todo esto es que no es el neoliberalismo el modelo que rige la industria cultural en Chile, sino todo lo contrario. El problema de la Cultura en chile, en todos los ámbitos, es que paga IVA, es decir, un 19% de su valor es solo impuesto (eso si es una producción nacional), pero como sale muy caro producir cultura en Chile, es todo más caro, así que pagan por la importación (relato el caso de más de algún libro técnico que he comprado en el extranjero y al hacer paso por aduana o Correos de Chile, en forma aleatoria, te cobran el impuesto de ingreso, el que a veces es de un 30% del valor del libro). Ahora... en un sentido estricto, es "justo" que todas las industrias paguen el mismo impuesto, pero es una solución que no tiene nada de lo que se puede llamar "sentido común". Por ejemplo, existes una serie de países europeos que tienen impuestos diferidos para la creación artística y una mayor flexibilidad en los derechos de autor. Por citar un ejemplo, aunque digo de antemano que no estoy 100% seguro del numero, pero de todas maneras es cercano, España tiene un impuesto a la cultura de cerca del 3%... y finlandia no carga de impuestos a libros, musica, cine, teatro, etc. Y ahora con la renovada ley de educación que no puede ser más de mercado (por ejemplo, y solo un ejemplo que me parece notable: una de las propuestas de la LGE fue rechazada inicialmente en la camra porque decia lo siguiente: "es deber del estado asegurar una educación de calidad para todos sus ciudadanos", a lo que discutieron que esto era, eh, inconstitucional.... porque la constitución solo dice que el estado asegura la educación de toda la nación, pero no dice nada sobre la calidad (discurso contradictorio uno... porque uno se pregunta, que pasa con tanta evaluación de calidad entonces, si todo es inconstitucional?) y lo otro es que ahora no es necesario tener un grado de pedagogo para hacer clases y ni siquiera tener un permiso visado por el MINEDUC (discuros contradictorio dos... porque tanto problema entonces con que los profesores no tomen o les vaya mal en la evaluación docente, si los profesionales que pueden hacer clases sin ser pedagogos no tienen que realizar esta evaluación porque fallan en el tema principal: ser profesore?))... y bueno... asi las cosas se alargan y alargan. Debo decir que particularmente no se donde va el cambio... esperar que pase otra generacion que no tenga nada que ver con el status quo generado en el paso de pinochet-concertacion? o dejar la zorra?... soy mas pacifico y creo inclinarme por la uno... but truly, who knows?

Anónimo dijo...

Más vale comprar afuera entonces que pagar las ganas dentro. TOÑO TRAENOS LIBROS DE REGALO!! (o para vender jejejej)

Yerko dijo...

Saludos Toñaz

Dani del Valle o dani Informático dijo...

Pues la verdad que me choca eso, porque uno piensa que Chile tiene que ser más barato...
Hombre es cierto que aquí los libros sólo tiene el 4% de IVA, y también que casi todos se editan aquí...
Con lo que he flipado es con los langostinos...definitivamente hay que comprar por internet...
Por cierto Toño, no conocía yo esta faceta tuya de blogger...y la receta de la masa ya la estás rulando jajajajaja

Anónimo dijo...

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Anónimo dijo...

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